Ever since people became aware towards the persistent terror of property and related criminal activities throughout the nation, technological corporations have made progress and advancements towards providing the general public with enhanced tools and equipment to safeguard their property and protect their loved ones. Let’s take a look at the predecessors of modern home security systems and delve into a little bit of history to observe how it all began and the changes it went through over the course of years:
Pioneering & Origins
The first ever practically applicable and evident home security feature was thought way back during the era of World War I. This was a period where the crime was on the rise and sensitivity regarding a secure home was on a rise. Many Americans actively pursued means of securing their homes and their property, and it was during this time that insurance companies step forward and started offering premium discounts to those homeowners who were willing to install security alarms at their properties.
The basic alarm back then would feature electromagnetic contacts that were used to fasten the door, windows and other openings in the house which were then connected to a battery-powered bell. Amusingly to the most of us, you will be surprised to know about the so-called door shakers service, which was actually a group night watchmen on the payroll who would visit the homes of those who had subscribed to the service and shake the doors and windows in order to check whether they were tightly secured or not.
Technological Intervention and Improvements
The march towards more technologically advanced systems for home security began by 1949. Though many considered the advancement an eerie concept, people became more familiarized with the concept of video surveillance during the 1970s, while the technology was introduced to the general public way back in the 1940s.
At first, the cameras which were large and motorized back then were initially used to be mounted on the front door and provided grainy images of visitors to a stationary monitor screen. Monitoring and control of the camera itself were limited, however, it did have security features like an intercom for communication purposes, a door lock switch and a featured alarm bell which could activate and alert the authorities at the central watch station.
Fire Alarm Technology Steadily Enhances
While security measures around offices and residences were gradually improving as more and more people and corporations were ready to invest in it, it was fire alarm technology which succeeded every aspect of the feature and greatly improved by leaps and bounds. A Canadian team of researchers in 1962 published a report in which they investigated 342 residential fires which occurred in Ontario from the period of 1956-1960. They reported that if the homes were effectively equipped with smoke detectors and heat sensors then the fatalities of such related incidents could have been minimized by 8 percent to 41 percent.
This caused a great commotion amongst the masses and many proceeded and urged technological giants of that time to heavily impose their efforts towards construction and manufacturing of latest smoke and heat detectors for homeowners. This played a major role in the development of safe home and office policies and standards, and by 1975 to 1998 fatalities through indoor fire outburst were reduced by 50% throughout the nation.
With the advent of the internet and wireless communication technology, home security systems saw a tremendous push towards more practical and easy to use equipment emerging in the market. Once such organization which worked tremendously in the favor of bringing modern security and technology to the doorstep of homeowners and professional offices of huge corporations was ADT. In past 140 years, they gradually moved from their humble beginning of a telegraph company in 1870, with headquarter based in Baltimore, and progressively began a movement towards providing electronic security systems by shifting their operations to Florida.
As of now, we have major improvements being made to the home security features and the ones that were used by the general public at their homes. Over the past few years, we have seen technology being made easier to use and install, while wireless connectivity has offered homeowners and offices with unprecedented convenience. This is due to the fact that we now have:
- Night vision enabled high definition cameras which are equipped with motion sensors, heat detectors and two way audio for communication.
- Wireless technology and equipment which works on proprietary radio frequencies, along with touchscreen-enabled control panels with a built-in cellular module, allowing it to be connected constantly to the central monitoring station.
- Smart door locks and home safes that are resistant to extreme weather conditions, fire hazards, and water.
It should be noted however that, all of these interventions of technology within home security systems has only been possible since the great community of informed adults and responsible citizens have come forward and taken up as their duty to make safety and security their first priority. We should continue to act as a community and let technology pave its way while it opens further doors for us to improve on the currently available security systems.